This category involves procedures related to bones, joints, and musculoskeletal structures. Surgeons can use 3D-printed bone models to practice fracture reduction, joint replacement, and spinal procedures.
3D-printed models can replicate intricate details of the skull, brain, and spinal cord. Neurosurgeons can practice tumor removals, aneurysm clippings, and other delicate procedures.
Surgeons in this field can use 3D-printed heart and lung models to simulate complex procedures like valve replacements, coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG), and congenital heart defect repairs.
3D-printed models can aid in planning complex reconstructions, such as facial reconstruction after trauma or breast reconstruction after mastectomy.
For procedures involving blood vessels, such as aneurysm repairs or angioplasties, 3D-printed models can help surgeons practice device placement and understand vascular anatomy.
Dentists and oral surgeons can use 3D-printed models to plan dental implant placements, orthognathic surgeries (jaw realignment), and reconstructive procedures for facial deformities.